【同义词练习】第30/30周

(2023.11.13--2023.11.19)

Posted by on 2023.11.12, 40 views
1/20)
1. implies a denser suspension than a mist, with power to enshroud and to cut off vision more or less completely: visibility reduced to inches by the ~.
  a) haze
2. implies a suspension of water droplets, floating and slowly falling through the air, that impairs but does not cut off vision: hair damp from the ~.
  b) smog
3. implies a diffusion of smoke or dust or light vapor sufficient to blur vision but not to obstruct it: mountains rendered blue by the ~.
  c) fog
4. applies to a haze, mist, fog made thicker and darker by the smoke and fumes of an industrial area: cast a pall of smog over the city.
  d) mist
cdab Right:) group haze meaning unknown

2/20)
1. suggests a settled and predictable leaning in one direction and connotes unfaire prejudice: ~ed against young urban professionals.
  a) incline
2. suggests an affecting of one's mood or temper so as to incline one toward something or someone: the sunny day ~d her to think more positively.
  b) predispose
3. implies the operation of a disposing influence well in advance of the opportunity to manifest itself: fictional violence ~s them to accept violence in real life.
  c) dispose
4. implies a tendency to favor one of two or more actions or conclusions: ~d to do nothing for the moment.
  d) bias
dcba Right:) group incline mean to influence one to have or take an attitude toward something.

3/20)
1. suggests an entangling of a thing with awhole, often as a natural or inevitable cause or consequence: a procedural changethat will ~ more work for everyone.  entangle缠住套住if something entangles itself with another, the two things become caught together very tightly,如the blade of the oar had entangled itself with something in the water船桨的桨叶和水里的什么东西缠住了,entangle的第二个意思是involve表示牵连使卷入陷入,如he became entangled in a series of conflicts with the management 卷入了与管理层的一系列冲突之中,如she didn't want to get entangled (即emotionally involved) with him她不想与他有瓜葛) 
  a) include
2. implies a reaching out and gathering of separate items into or within a whole: her faith ~s both Christian and non-Christian beliefs.
  b)   comprehend
3. otherwise close to involve, suggests that something's presence can be inferred with more or less certainty with a hint: smoke often ~ies fire.   infer推断是reason推理的结果,表示推断"出结论"
  c)   imply
4. suggests that the thing contained forms a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole: the price of dinner ~s dessert.
  d)   involve
5. implies that something comes within the range or scope of a statement, definition,or concept: his notions of manners ~s more than just table etiquette.
  e)   embrace
decab Right:) group include mean to contain within as a part or portion of the whole.

4/20)
1. stresses reliability, sureness, exactness, or accuracy: a photographer with an ~ eye for beauty.   (exact严格一致或严格遵守implies a very strict agreement with fact, standard, or truth,如a suit tailored to exact measurement一件裁剪准确(严格)的衣服)
  a) inerrant
2. stresses the fact that no mistakes were made: an ~ interpretation of the most demanding role in drama.
  b) infallible
3. may imply that one's freedom from error is divinely bestowed: fundamentalists believe in an ~ Bible.
  c) inerrable
4. may be preferable when one wishes to avoid any association with religious or papal infallibility: no reference source should be considered ~.
  d) unerring
dabc Right:) group infallible mean having or showing the inability to make errors.

5/20)
1. implies exceeding the limits of what is right or decent or bearable or tolerable: ~ terrorist acts against civilians.
  a) enormous
2. applies to what is inconceivably, abnormally, or fantastically wrong, absurd, or horrible: a ~ waste of the taxpayers' money.
  b) heinous
3. implies such flagrant evil or conspicuous enormity as inevitably excites hatred or horror:  ~ crimes that exceeded normal wartime actions.
  c) atrocious
4. implies such merciless cruelty, savagery, or contempt of ordinary values as excites condemnation: decent people cannot condone such ~ treatment of prisoners.
  d) outrageous
dabc Right:) group outrageous mean enormously bad or horrible.

6/20)
1. applies to what corresponds to something else from another point of view or in another order of viewing: debated whether higher interest rates are a ~ of economic prosperity.
  a) counterpart
2. implies that the two things being compared are so like that their lack of divergence suggests parallel lines: drew a ~ between their experience.
  b) parallel
3. usually implies a more remote likeness and may involve a comparison made to clarify, enlighten, or demonstrate: saw faith in technology as an ~ to earlier beliefs in supernatural forces.
  c) correlate
4. suggests a complementary and sometimes an obverse relationship: gave the balls to her ~ on the other team.
  d) analogue
cbda Right:) group parallel mean one that corresponds to or closely resembles another.

7/20)
1. stresses deference and tenderness of feeling: a tradition ~d by generations of scholars.
  a) reverence
2. implies a holding as holy or sacrosanct because of character, association, or age: national heroes who are still ~d.
  b) venerate
3. implies homage usually expressed in words or ceremony to a divine being or to a person to whom exalted character or outstanding merit is imputed: ~s the memory of her husband.
  c) revere
4. presupposes an intrinsic merit and inviolability in the one honored and a corresponding depth of feeling in the one honoring: the general ~s the army's code of honor.   (honor荣誉荣耀光荣applies to the recognition of one's right to great respect or to any expression of such recognition表示"承认应受尊重,或表达尊重",如an honor just to be nominated一项即将提名的荣誉,英语中的荣誉荣耀光荣是指受到be respected被尊重,如劳动最光荣work, the most honorable thing in the world这里的光荣是指被尊重)
  d) adore
5. close to worship, implies love, and stresses the notion of an individual and personal attachment: a doctor who is practically ~d by her patients.
  e) worship
cbead Right:) group revere mean to regard with profound respect and honor.

8/20)
1. implies lack of conformity with law of any sort: ~ conduct.
  a) unlawful
2. tends to be narrow in reference and usually applies to children born out of wedlock or to a relation leading to such a result: their union was ~; but it may refer to something that is not proper according to rules of logic or to authorities or to precedent: an ~ inference.
  b) illegitimate
3. may imply lack of conformance with a regulatory law: ~ distilling; but it is also applied to something obtained, done, or maintained unlawfully, illegally, or illegitimately: an ~ affair.
  c) illicit
4. often stresses lack of conformity to what is sanctioned by the law as defined by statute and administered by courts: an ~ U-turn.
  d) illegal
abcd Right:) group unlawful mean not being in accordance with law.

9/20)
1. suggests a complex mixture or the final form into which it hardens: a beneficent attitude that was an ~ of generosity and disdain.
  a) amalgam
2. suggests that one or more elements has an alien character: an ~ of coffee and roasted nuts.
  b) blend
3. the most general term, often implies miscellaneousness: planted a ~ of seeds to get a colorful bed of flowers.
  c) composite
4. implies the thorough mingling of similar elements or ingredients: an attitude that was a ~ of disdain and pity.
  d) admixture
5. suggests the union of two or more distinguishable or analyzable parts, elements, or ingredients: a ~ of elegance and frivolity.
  e) compound
6. implies that the constituent elements have been artificially or fortuitously combined: a population that is the ~ of many races.
  f) mixture
adfbec Right:) group mixture mean a product formed by the combination of two or more things.

10/20)
1. may imply a power to terrify or inspire awe: the ~ roar of the cataract; but in more general use it means little more than very large or great or intense: success gave him ~ satisfaction.
  a) stupendous
2. suggests a marvelousness exceeding belief, usually in something felt as going far beyond a previous maximum of goodness, greatness, intensity, or size: made a ~ effort and rolled the stone aside.
  b) prodigious
3. implies a power to stun or astound, usually because of size, numbers, or complexity, or greatness beyond one's power to describe: a ~ volcanic eruption that destroyed the city.  stun和astound同义,表示惊讶
  c) tremendous
4. implies a departure from the normal in such qualities as size, form, or character and often carries suggestions of deformity, ugliness, or fabulousness: the ~ waste of the project.
  d) monstrous
cbad Right:) group monstrous meaning unknown

11/20)
1. implies a temporary cessation or, more often, marked decline, as in the violence of a storm or in business activity: the storm strengthened again after a ~. lullaby摇篮曲催眠曲,来自lull+bye bye
  a) pause
2. implies a temporary suspension of work or activity: children playing during the morning school ~.
  b) respite
3. implies a break in continuity and is especially applicable to an interval available for some new or special activity: no one should work day after day without ~.
  c) lull
4. stresses the fact of stopping and ordinarily implies an expectation of resumption, as of movement or activity: spoke during a ~ in the music.
  d) recess
5. implies a period of relief, as from labor, suffering, or war, OR of delay, as before being sentenced or before having to pay money due: enjoyed the brief ~ between attacks.
  e) intermission
cdeab Right:) group pause mean a temporary cessation.首字母PRRLI想成RR揉揉LIP嘴唇<==暂停一下

12/20)
1. applies to what is subject to change and stresses prevalence at a particular time or present moment: the ~ migration towards the Sunbelt.
  a) prevalent
2. stresses predominance: the ~ medical opinion regarding smoking.
  b) rife
3. implies only frequency: dairy farms were once ~ in the area.
  c) current
4. implies a growing pravalence or rapid spread: during the epidemic rumors were ~.
  d) prevailing
cdab Right:) group prevailing meaning unknown

13/20)
1. suggest great sagacity and discernment: the ~ observations of a veteran correspondent.
  a) wise
2. apply to action restrained and guided by senses and rationality: a ~ woman who was not Fooled by flattery.
  b) sensible
3. stress mental soundness, prudent rationality and levelheadedness: remained ~ even as the war raged around him.
  c) sapient
4. suggests great understanding of people and situation, and unusual discernment and judgment in dealing with them, and may imply a wide range of experience, knowledge, and learning: ~ enough to know what really matter in life.
  d) sage
5. stress capacity for weighing and judging and for reaching wise decisions or conclusions: ~ parents who use kindness and discipline in equal measure.  (in equal measure等量) 
  e) judicious
6. apply to someone rich in practical wisdom, and ability to exercise self-restraint and sound judgment: a ~ decision to wait out the storm.
  f) sane
7. suggest wide experience, great learning and wisdom: seek the ~ advice of his father in times of crisis.
  g) prudent
cbfaegd Right:) group wise meaning unknown

14/20)
1. implies a permeating so deep and so complete that the very substance and nature of the thing affected are altered: ~d he students with intellectual curiosity.
  a) suffuse
2. implies an imbuing or implanting with a germinal idea and often suggests surreptitiousness or subtlety: tried to ~ the child with a taste for opera.
  b) leaven
3. implies a spreading through or over of something that gives a distinctive color or quality: a room ~d with light and cheerfulness.
  c) ingrain
4. implies introducing something that enlivens, tempers, or alters the total quality: a serious play ~d with comic moments.
  d) inoculate
5. suggests the indelible stamping or deep implanting of a quality, idea, or trait: clung to ~ed habits and beliefs.
  e) imbue
6. implies a pouring in and permeating of something that gives new life or vigor or significance: new members ~d the club with new enthusiasm.
  f) infuse
edabcf Right:) group infuse mean to introduce one thing into another so as to affect it throughout.

15/20)
1. suggests instability, unsoundness and insecurity due to loss of strength from old age, crippling disease or temperamental vacillation: a ~ old woman confined to her home.
  a) fragile
2. suggests frailty, inability to resist rough use, and liability to destruction: a ~ beauty that the camera can't convey.
  b) disable
3. applies to deficiency or inferiority of strength or power of any sort: a ~ government likely to topple soon.
  c) enfeeble
4. suggests a less marked or more temporary impairment of strength or vitality: the operation has a temporary ~ing effect.
  d) weaken
5. suggests extreme weakness inviting pity or disdain: a ~ attempt to resist the enemy attack.
  e) cripple
6. suggests a usually sudden crippling or enfeebling of strength or competence: the ~d soldiers received an immediate discharge.
  f) weak
7. implies being worn-out or broken down from long use or old age: the ~ butler had been with the family for years.
  g) feeble
8. implies the causing of a serious loss of functioning power through damaging or removing an essential part or element: inflation had ~d the economy.
  h) undermine
9. implies delicacy and slightness of constitution or structure and liability to failure or destruction: a once robust man now ~ with disease.
  i) sap
10. implies an obvious and pitiable weakening to the point of helplessness: so ~d by arthritis that he requires constant care.
  j) decrepit
11. suggests a weakening by something working surreptitiously or insidiously, and implies a caving in OR breaking down: a poor diet ~s your health.
  k) frail
12. is close to undermine but adds a suggestion of draining of strength:  drugs had ~ped his ability to think.
  l) infirm
13. may imply the loss of physical strength, health, soundness, or stability OR of quality, intensity or effective power: a disease that ~ the body's defenses against infection.
  m) debilitate
lafmgbjekchid Right:) group weak mean to lose strength, energy, or vigor.

16/20)
1. implies inconsolable grief at isolation caused by loss or bereavement : her brother's death now left her ~.
  a) desolate
2. stresses dejection, woe, listlessness at separation from someone dear: a child lost and ~.
  b) solitary
3. heightens the suggestion of sadness and poignancy of separation: an only child oft leads a ~ life.
  c) forlorn
4. suggests objective fact of being by oneself with a slight notion of emotional involvement: happier when left ~ occasionally.
  d) lone
5. may indicate isolation as a chosen course: glorying in the calm of her ~ life; but more often suggests sadness and a sense of loss: left ~ by the death of his wife.
  e) lonely
6. adds a suggestion of longing for companionship: felt ~ and forsaken.
  f) alone
7. may replace lonely or lonesome but is typically as objective as alone: a ~ robin pecking at the lawn.
  g) lonesome
acgfbed Right:) group alone meaning unknown

17/20)
1. implies finding fault especially with methods or intentions: ~ the police for using violence.
  a) rebuke
2. implies an often kindly censuring or blaming intended to correct a fault: gently ~d her table manners.
  b) criticize
3. suggests an earnest or friendly warning and counseling: ~ed by my parents to control expenses.
  c) condemn
4. connotes the conveying of dissatisfaction or displeasure through criticism or faultfinding: were severely ~ed for their late return.
  d) censure
5. suggests the expression of disapproval or displeasure through mild reproof or scolding: ~d by their mother for not keeping their room clean.
  e) reprimand
6. suggests a sharp or stern reproof: the papal letter ~d dissenting church officials.
  f) reproach
7. suggests an unqualified and final judgment that is unfavorable and merciless: ~ the government’s racial policies.
  g) reprove
8. may simply imply the opposite of praise, but more often suggests the placing of responsibility or guilt for wrongdoing: ~ herself for the accident.
  h) admonish
9. adds to condemn the implication of a public declaration: stood and ~d the war.
  i) reprobate
10. implies a severe, formal, and often public or official rebuke: a general officially ~ed for speaking out of turn.
  j) reprehend
11. implies strong disapproval and firm refusal to sanction: ~ his son’s adulterous adventures.
  k) chide
12. implies both criticism and severe rebuke: ~ the self-centeredness of today’s students.
  l) denounce
13. carries a stronger suggestion of authority, and of more or less formal reprimand than blame: a Senator formally ~d by his peers.
  m) blame
bghfkacmleijd Right:) group criticize mean to criticize adversely.

18/20)
1. regularly suggests a firm or tenacious hold: had a firm ~ on the reins of power.
  a) hold
2. is widely applicable and may imply mere possession or control, OR possession or control firmly maintained: tried to keep a ~ on his temper.
  b) grasp
3. implies a seizing and holding as if with avidity and rapacity of bird of prey: stayed out of the executioner's ~es.
  c) clutch
4. differs from grip chiefly in suggests a power to reach out and get possession or control of something: success was almost within his ~.
  d) grip
dacb Right:) group hold mean the power of getting or keeping in possession or control.

19/20)
1. may imply a less complete destruction or one produced by a slower or less violent process: years of drought had ~d the area.
  a) ravage
2. implies a violent, severe, and often accumulative depredation and destruction: a hurricane that ~d the Gulf coast.
  b) despoil
3. applies to the looting or robbing of a place or people without suggesting accompanying destruction: the Nazis ~ed the art museums of Europe.
  c) pillage
4. implies ruthless plundering at will but without the completeness suggested by sack: settlements ~d by the Vikings.
  d) waste
5. implies the complete ruin and desolation of a wide area: the atomic bomb that ~d Hiroshima.
  e) sack
6. implies the looting and destroying of a place: barbarians ~ed ancient Rome.
  f) devastation
dabcfe Right:) group ravage mean to lay waste by plundering or destroying.

20/20)
1. suggests a slow or careful reasoning and consideration before forming an opinion or idea or reaching a conclusion or decision: the jury ~d for five hours.
  a) reason
2. implies a deep or intent thinking: quietly sitting and ~ing.
  b) deliberate
3. is general and may apply to any mental activity, but used alone it often suggests the attainment of clear ideas or conclusions: a course that really teaches you to ~.
  c) speculate
4. stresses a consecutive logical thinking: ~ed that the murderer and victim knew each other.
  d) think
5. suggests the unhurried consideration of something called or recalled to the mind: ~ed on fifty years of married life.
  e) reflect
6. implies  a reasoning about things that are theoretical and problematic: historians have ~d about the fate of the Lost Colony.
  f) cogitate
bfdaec Right:) group think mean to use one's powers of conception, judgment, or inference.