词根系列

第0篇 纵览

Posted by on 2022.06.11, 192 views
    学习词根是掌握英语的必要手段,这里给出259个最重要的词根,希望帮助大家学习,记忆和使用。
    本篇是第0篇,按顺序列出这些词根,有条件时会对这些词根解释。
    格式是:
           序号|词根|希腊(G)或罗马(L)词根|含义。
           如 1|AB|L|from,away,off的表示: AB是第一个词根,来自拉丁文,表示from,away,off离开。
  
1|AB|L|from,away,off
2|ACR|L|sharp;sour
3|AER|G|air
4|AM|L|to love
5|AMBI||on both sides;around
6|ANIM|L|breath,soul
7|ANN/ENN|L|year
8|ANTI|L|against
9|ANT|L|before,in front of
10|ANTHROP|G|human being
11|AQUA|L|water
12|ARM|L|weapons,tools
13|ART|L|skill
14|AUD|L|to hear
15|AUTO|G|same,self
16|BELL|L|war
17|BENE|L|well
18|BIN||two,double
19|BIO|L|life
20|CAD|L|to fall
21|CANT|L|to sing
22|CAPIT|L|head
23|CARN|L|flesh,meat
24|CATA|G|down
25|CED|L|to proceed;to yield
26|CENT|L|one hundred
27|CENTER|GL|center point of a circle
28|CEPT|L|to take, seize
29|CHRON|G|time
30|CIRCUM|L|circle
31|CIS|L|to cut, slay
32|CLAM|L|to shout, cry out
33|CLUS|L|to close
34|CO|L|with, together
35|CODE|L|tree trunk, document on the tree trunk
36|CONTRA|L|against, contrary to
37|CORD|L|heart
38|CORP|L|body
39|COSM|G|order
40|CRAT|G|power
41|CRE|L|to come into being;to grow
42|CRED|L|to believe, entrust
43|CRIM|L|fault, crime, accusation
44|CRIT|G|to judge, decide
45|CRYPT|G|hidden
46|CULP|L|guilt
47|CULT|L|care
48|CUR|L|care for
49|CURR|L|to run
50|DE|L|down
51|DEC|GL|ten
52|DEM|G|people
53|DERM|G|skin
54|DI/DUP|GL|two
55|DICT|L|to speak
56|DIS|L|apart;opposite;not
57|DOC|L|to teach
58|DOM|L|house
59|DUCT|L|to lead
60|DYNAM|G|power
61|DYS|G|bad, difficult
62|ENDO|G|within
63|EPI|G|on, over
64|EQU|L|equal
65|ERR|L|to wander, stray
66|EU|G|well
67|EV|L|age, lifetime
68|EXTRA|L|outside, beyond
69|FAC|L|to make, do
70|FALL|L|to deceive
71|FID|L|faith, trust
72|FIG|L|to shape, form, mold
73|FIN|L|end, boundary
74|FLECT|L|to bend
75|FLU|L|to flow
76|FORM|L|shape, form
77|FORT|L|strong
78|FRACT|L|to break, shatter
79|FUG|L|to flee, escape
80|FUNCT|L|to perform, carry out
81|FUS|L|to melt, pour out
82|GEN|G|birth
83|GEO|G|earth
84|GNO/GNI|GL|to know
85|GRAD|L|step, grade
86|GRAPH|G|to write
87|GRAT|L|to please, welcome, agree
88|GRAV|L|heavy, serious
89|GREG|L|herd, flock
90|HEM|G|blood
91|HEMI|GL|half
92|HER|L|to stick
93|HOL|G|whole
94|HOMO|G|same
95|HYDR|G|water
96|HYPO|G|below, under
97|HYPER|G|above, beyond
98|IATR|G|healer, physician
99|ICON|L|image
100|IDIO|G|one's own, private
101|INTER|L|between
102|ITIS|GL|disease, inflammation
103|JECT|L|to throw, hurl
104|JUNCT|L|to join
105|JUR|L|to swear, take oath;right;law
106|KILO|G|one thousand
107|KINE|G|movement
108|LATER|L|side, width
109|LEG|L|to appoint, send as a deputy
110|LEV|L|light;to raise or lighten
111|LINGU|L|tongue;language
112|LOG|G|word, speech, reason
113|LONG|L|long
114|LOQU|L|to talk
115|LUC|L|light;to shine, glitter
116|LUM|L|light
117|MAL|L|bad
118|MAND|L|entrust, order
119|MANIA|L|madness
120|MAR|L|sea
121|MATR|GL|mother
122|MEDI|L|middle
123|META|L|beyond, behind
124|METER|G|to measure
125|MICRO|G|small, millionth
126|MILL||thousand;thousandth
127|MINU|L|small,least
128|MIS|L|to send
129|MONO|G|along, single
130|MORT|L|to die
131|MORPH|G|shape
132|MULTI|L|many
133|MUR|L|wall
134|MUT|L|to change
135|NANO|G|dwarf;billionth
136|NECRO|G|dead body
137|NEG|L|to deny, refuse
138|NEO|G|new
139|NOM|L|name
140|NOV|L|new
141|NULL|L|none
142|NUMER|L|number, count
143|OID|G|appearance, form
144|OMNI|L|all
145|ONYM|G|name, word
146|ORTHO|G|straight, right, true
147|PAC|L|peace, to agree
148|PALEO|G|ancient, very old
149|PAN|G|all
150|PAR|L|equal
151|PARA|G|beside
152|PART|L|part
153|PATR|GL|father
154|PATH|G|feeling, suffering
155|PED|L|foot
156|PED|G|child
157|PEL|L|to move, drive
158|PEN|L|to punish, penalize
159|PEND|L|to hang, weigh
160|PENT|G|five
161|PER|L|through, thorough
162|PERI|GL|around
163|PHIL|G|love
164|PHOB|G|fear
165|PHON|G|sound, voice, speech
166|PHOT|G|light
167|PLAC|L|to please, sooth, calm
168|PLE|L|to fill
169|POLIS|G|city
170|POLY|G|many
171|POPUL|L|people
172|PORT|L|to carry
173|POS|L|to put, place
174|POST|L|after, behind
175|POT|L|able
176|PRE|L|before, in front of
177|PREHEND|L|to seize
178|PRIM|L|first
179|PRO||for, favoring
180|PRO||before, in front of
181|PROB|L|to prove
182|PROPR|L|own
183|PROTO|G|first in time, first formed
184|PSYCH|G|soul, mind, personality
185|PUNC|L|point
186|PURG|L|to clean, cleanse
187|PUT|L|to think, consider, believe
188|QUADRI|L|four
189|QUINT|L|five
190|QUIS|L|to seek, obtain
191|RE||again
192|RE||back
193|RECT|L|straight, right
194|REG|L|rule
195|RETRO|L|back
196|SANCT|L|holy
197|SCEND|L|to climb
198|SCI|L|to know, understand
199|SCOPE|G|to look at
200|SCRIB|L|to write
201|SENS|L|feeling, sense
202|SEQU|L|to follow
203|SERV||to be subject to
204|SIGN|L|to mark or sigh
205|SIMUL|L|to make like
206|SOLU|L|to loose, free, release
207|SON|L|sound
208|SOPH||wise
209|SPECT|L|to look at
210|SPHER||ball
211|SPIR|L|breathe
212|STRAT|L|spread, bed
213|STRICT|L|to draw tight, bind, tie
214|STRUCT|L|to build, put together, arrange
215|SUB||under
216|SUPER|L|over, higher, more than
217|SUR|L|above, over
218|SURG|L|to rise, spring up
219|SYN|GL|together, at the same time
220|TACT|L|touch
221|TECHNI|G|art, craft, skill
222|TELE||distant
223|TEMPER|L|mix, to moderate, keep within limit
224|TEMPOR|L|time
225|TEN|L|to hold
226|TENU|L|thin
227|TERM|L|to limit, bound
228|TERR|L|earth
229|TETR|G|four
230|TEXT|L|to weave
231|THEO|G|god
232|THERM|G|warmth
233|TOM|G|to cut
234|TOP|G|place
235|TORT|L|to twist, wind, wrench
236|TOXI|GL|poison
237|TRACT|L|to drag, draw
238|TRANS|L|through, across, beyond
239|TRI|GL|three
240|TRIB|L|to give, pay
241|TROP|G|to turn, change
242|TROPH|G|nourishment
243|TURB|L|to confuse, upset
244|TUT|L|to teach, guide, guard
245|UMBR|L|shadow
246|UND|L|wave, flood
247|UNI|L|one
248|URB|L|city
249|VAL|L|strength,health,worth
250|VER|L|truth
251|VERB|L|word
252|VERT|L|to turn
253|VEST|L|to clothe, dress
254|VIR|L|man
255|VIS|L|to see
256|VIV|L|to live
257|VOC|L|voice, to speak
258|VOLV|L|to roll, wind, turn
259|VOR|L|to eat
                     
                         Jason 2017年1月26日 西安