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【同义词辨析】 2020-10-30 陡的steep-sheer

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jason246 发表于 2022-10-6 01:25:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
steep: implies such sharpness of pitch that ascent or descent is difficult: a ~ staircase leading to the attic.      (sharp有5个意思  1、锐利尖锐的having a thin edge or fine point that is able to cut or make holes in things,如sharp knife/pencil/teeth/claws锐利(尖锐)的刀/铅笔/牙齿/爪牙,不过角是acute angle   2、突然的快速的sudden, quick,如sharp rise/drop/turn/pain/disappointment升/降/转/突然疼痛/失望    3、明显的clear and easy to see,如sharp image/image/difference清晰的图像/图片/明显的区别  4、精锐聪颖的able to understand things and solve problems quickly,如a sharp student/pilot/engineer聪明的学生/精锐飞行员/工程师  5、贬义尖锐being sharp in an unpleasant way,如a sharp replay/tongue/noise/odor/wind/business practices/operator粗鲁回复/嘴/尖锐噪声/刺鼻气味/刺骨寒风/商业投机/老狐狸)    pitch可以表示坡度the amount or degree of slope on a roof or other surface,如a roof with a steep pitch屋顶是陡的            steep和sharp同义,反义词都是gentle不陡峭not steep or sharp,如a gentle slope/hill/curve平缓的斜坡/小山/曲线


abrupt: implies a sharper pitch and a sudden break in the level: a beach with an ~ drop-off.      level水平,指某平面的高度,如sea/ground level海平/地平是指海面和地面的高度 ,引申指程度等级层次数量等


precipitous: applies to steepness approaching the vertical: the airplane went into a ~ nosedive.         vertical垂直向上的going straight up,如a shirt with vertical stripes条衬衣,the vertical axis/integration/communication轴/垂直整合/上下交流   perpendicular垂直,但不一定是上下,也可能是和一条斜线或一个斜平面垂直connecting to another line or surface at a 90 degree angle,如a perpendicular line垂直线,这里两个词都表示和地面垂直)       (名词precipitation降水,如雨雪  名词precipice悬崖  precipitous还表示草率的=precipitate, 如a precipitous decision/action草率的决定/行动)      


sheer: suggests an unbroken perpendicular expanse: climbers able to ascend ~ cliffs.


steep陡的: 指坡度陡上下困难,abrupt陡的: 更加得陡,高度突变,precipitous陡峭: 指接近垂直,sheer陡峭垂直: 指完全垂直


记忆方法: 1)首字母SAPS树液<==陡的             ""指"坡度很大,近于垂直",从阜走声。""表示与地形地势高低上下有关。   ""特指山陡

               2)练习一下
               
               3)陡的的意思是坡度接近垂直mean having an incline approaching the perpendicular.

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